Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is used quite extensively in practise today by many counsellors. It is a dynamic approach, whereby people are actively encouraged to face their fears by doing the things that they are most afraid of.

CBT differs from many other treatments in that it addresses your current feelings and mindset rather than analysing (As in psychoanalysis) the causes of your problem and other symptoms. In this sense, it is a more immediate form of therapy. CBT can aid you in understanding and sorting out problems you are having by separating them into smaller, more manageable parts. In this way, you can address each problem individually and you can also see how they are connected. As such, CBT brings clarity to issues you may have.

There are a number of beliefs that set the internal framework of this approach namely: That psychological distress is largely related to disturbances in a persons thinking processes. : That the best effects come from the colloration of both therapist and client.: that therapy is best applied with a time focus or goal orientation based on education and focussing on specific target problems.

The person in therapy is given homework and is encouraged to assume an active role both in and out of therapy. CBT is one of the more directive therapies where the counsellor takes more of an active role in directing the person in therapy. The model seeing that people are generally disturbed not by things, but by the view they take of them. The persons goals, purposes, values and meanings are of great importance with a focus on active teaching. The use of persuasive methods and in the right setting personal demonstrations in front of a live audience are encouraged.

CBT's basic view is that a persons emotions stem mainly from their beliefs, evaluations, interpretations, and reactions to life situations. That through the therapeutic process people learn skills that give them the tools to identify and dispute irrational beliefs that have been learned from experience, self constructed from belief and now maintained without question or criticism.